Call for Contributions
The Call for Contributions is closed and the papers have been chosen.
The conference welcomes scholarly and artistic contributions (such as poetry readings, dance or music performances). Contributions should be twenty minutes in length, followed by approximately ten minutes of Q&A. Please indicate if your proposed contribution is shorter or longer.
Interested in presenting something? Please submit an abstract of 200–300 words and a biography of 100–200 words by 31 May 2019 to the conference organizer Christian Hänggi, email@example.com
The conference is held in English but may be open to contributions in German or French too.
There is no conference fee although participants may, depending on the state of funding, be asked for a contribution to the conference dinner. Still need financial assistance? Scroll all the way down.
Research questions in a wide range of disciplines (history, musicology, literature, technology, media theory, performance arts, etc.) may include those addressed in the conference description as well as:
Rock Music and other Arts: The hippie counterculture is often associated with popular music, and street level arts and crafts. In what way has this focus obscured the relationship between hippie culture and experimental and avant-grade art practices of the time in the visual arts, dance, theatre, and music?
Perspectives from around the world: In what way was the countercultural experience different outside the USA? Paris, Prague, Zurich, or Toronto, for instance. The Soviet Union, Germany, or Yugoslavia?
Communes and Communal Living: How did communal living resonate with earlier experiments of which the hippies were cognizant? To what degree was there an evolution from intentional communes to chaotic environments where anyone could crash? In what way were some communes organized around group sex and communal exploration of drugs? What was the role of gurus such as Charles Manson?
Religion, Occultism, Spirituality: What does it mean that the main strands of Eastern philosophy and spirituality that was rediscovered was already viewed through the prism of Western occultism and theosophy? What role did occultism proper play, with Tarot and Ouija boards, but also figures such as Aleister Crowley or Jack Parsons? What was the influence of Christianity through Jesus freaks?
Native Americans as Models: How did the – real or imagined – traditions of native Americans influence hippie culture and how were they appropriated by it? For instance, tribalism as models for communal living; spirituality and nature; the spectre of the massacred native Americans; California as the endpoint of western expansion reached when the native Americans have all been slaughtered.
Sexual Politics: A history that has yet to be written is about the sexual exploitation of young teens (12–15 years of age) by older (20-something) hippies, a subject on which Charles Manson, resident in the Haight at the time, has a lot to teach. To what degree did hippie culture, with its rejection of work and consumerism, function as a barter economy where the principle currencies were drugs and the sexual use of young and inexperienced bodies?
Drugs: The counterculture scene that existed in the Haight/Ashbury district before the influx of sex- and drug-seeking teens was well acquainted with the old bad drugs. Why was this continuum neglected or downplayed? To what extent was hippie culture brought about by the use of LSD and mescalin in CIA’s MK Ultra program? How did Latin-American traditions of communicating with and honoring the dead, particularly the Mexican ones, influence hippie culture through Americans heading south to experiment with mescalin, peyote, and ayahuasca (as evidenced, for instance by the Grateful Dead’s iconography)? Why are filmic representations of LSD trips always horror trips? In what way do the psychedelic experiences follow Timothy Leary’s manual? Are there other unrecognized, occult, or occluded sources of explication?
Cinema: It has been theorized that the films of the so-called new Hollywood can be divided into a left wing (valorizing the outlaw and rebellion against social norms) and a right wing (valorizing vigilante violence against the criminal and resenting the disintegration of law and order). Take Easy Rider: Only the first verse of Steppenwolf’s “The Pusher” is heard; the subsequent verses could easily fit with the values of the right, and Dennis Hopper later bragged that he had voted a Republican ticket for thirty years. Could it be argued that hippie values cannot so easily be equated with left political positions?
Computer and Network Technology: To what extent was the internet, then ARPANET, “conceived in sin, the worst possible. As it kept growing, it never stopped carrying in its heart a bitter-cold death wish for the planet” (Pynchon, Bleeding Edge)? How innocent was the Whole Earth Catalog, published by Stewart Brand (who coined the term personal computer), a catalog which Steve Jobs likened to Google in paperback?
Racial tensions and Nazi symbolism: A lacuna in the examination of hippie culture appears to be the circulation of the swastika and other Nazi- and far-right symbols. How were they able to enter this particular counterculture? What is the relationship between the white youngsters celebrating their Summer of Love while the black communities in other cities were going through the race riots of the Long, Hot Summer of 1967 with more than 85 deaths? Why was California a focal point of hippie culture considering the state’s (particularly L.A.’s) obsession with Aryan culture, from the early 1900s through surf music and up to Charles Manson?
Entertainment: How much TV were hippies watching and what was it? Is there an underexamined relationship between the TV programming of the day and hippie values and aesthetics? Consider for example Star Trek.
The conference has limited funds available for travel and accommodation of independent scholars and artists and those who cannot secure funding from their home institution. If you are in need of such financial assistance, please explain your case when you submit your abstract.